Search our Site:

Custom Search
A Brief History of Haviland Dinnerware:

<< back


     Here are examples and pictures from the following Haviland manufacturers:

   Click here for a description of Haviland marks.


The history of Haviland China is a remarkable tale of determination, ingenuity and devoted craftsmanship.  While most people associate old Haviland porcelain with the French, in reality an American began the first Haviland china factory.  David Haviland worked as a partner in the New York-based D.G. & D. Haviland Trading Co., an importer in English and French dinnerware, during the early to mid- 1800's.  One day a customer brought him a piece of china she wished to match, and the events that followed have become the legend of Haviland China.

It was only a broken teacup, but something about the quality of the porcelain struck Haviland with an insatiable curiosity about its origin.  The fragile piece was remarkably white in color, almost translucent, and the consistency of the china   itself was delicate and impermeable.  Haviland knew this old porcelain must be French, but being a devoted dinnerware importer, he could not be satisfied until he had located the exact place in France where this impeccable china was manufactured.

After extensive travel through France, Haviland found the very factory that had produced the elusive teacup.  It was located in Foecy, north of the region of Limoges.  He special ordered several sets from this factory, suggesting particular designs  to suit American tastes.  However, the products he eventually received were not yet worthy of the name Haviland China.

Undeterred, David Haviland moved his family to Limoges, France in 1841 to begin his own factory.  Limoges was already a leading center of pottery manufacturing, but he chose the region because it was then one of the few places in the world in which the natural clay ingredient needed to make china, "kaolin," could be found.  While similar materials could be found elsewhere, even in certain places in the United States, it was only the Limoges "kaolin" that, when fired, was capable of replicating the non-porous eggshell whiteware he had been seeking all along.

Haviland China distinguished itself immediately from the old French porcelain dinnerware when David Haviland refused to send his products to Paris for decoration, as was the standard practice.  Instead, he set up a decorating studio within the factory, in order to produce patterns more closely suited to American tastes.   This severely offended French sensibilities, which clung to old traditions about how porcelain should be manufactured.  The idea was so radical, in fact, that protests  by French artists were held outside the Haviland china factory during its early years.  For a while, Haviland China was so controversial that many of the decorators producing American patterns in Limoges could not travel alone at night!

Eventually, however, Haviland China came to be respected by French society.  Far from remaining isolated from artistic developments in the country, early Haviland China was strongly influenced by the Impressionist movement that developed  in France during the same period.  In 1872, David's son Charles opened the Auteuil Studio in Paris.  It was here that the famous "Haviland Barbotine" was first produced.  This innovation of painting on earthenware with liquid clay attracted the attention of great French artists such as Manet, Monet, and the Damousse brothers.  It is often said that the work of the Impressionists greatly influenced the floral designs of Haviland China.

After David Haviland's death in 1879, the firm passed into the hands of his two sons, Theodore Haviland and Charles Edward Haviland.  However, an irreconcilable disagreement concerning business practices led to the liquidation of the old porcelain factory, and the creation of two separate Haviland china companies.  Charles Edward began "Haviland et Cie," French for "Haviland & Co.," while Theodore Haviland installed another porcelain producing factory under his own name.  Charles Haviland marketed his china under the slogan "Buy Genuine Haviland," while Theodore Haviland commissioned several artists from the Auteuil Studio to work for his firm, "Theodore Haviland, Limoges."  While the rivalry seemed vital at the time, ultimately the work of both of these companies would become synonymous with the name Haviland China.

During this time, as though seeking to escape the French porcelain rivalry, Charles Haviland's son Jean moved to Bavaria  in 1907 to begin the Johann Haviland Company.  Bavaria was the only other region outside France and China where the essential "kaolin" could be found.  The Johann Haviland Company was comparatively short-lived, ceasing production in 1924.  The name rights to Johann Haviland were eventually purchased by an Italian Company, and later by the Rosenthal Group. 

Although Haviland & Co. continued to operate, the future of the company seemed dire following Charles Haviland's death   in 1921.  Theodore Haviland's superior marketing strategies allowed his company to survive the Stock Market Crash of 1929, which finished Charles's company for good.  In 1941, Theodore Haviland, Limoges, under the ownership of Theodore Haviland's son William, won exclusive rights to Haviland & Co.'s name and backstamps.  The two Haviland China companies again became one.

It is estimated that over 60,000 Haviland China patterns were produced by the time the Haviland family retired from management in 1972.  The pieces that remain are highly collectible, not only due to their historical and artistic  significance, but also because of their sheer beauty and timeless quality.  The name Haviland China today is inseparable from the legacy of French and American dinnerware, and are certain to be collected and treasured for many years to come.(More...)  

Antiques Categories
Accessories
Architectural
Art
Books / Manuscripts
Clocks
Collectibles
Decorative
Furniture
Glass
Household
Jewelry
Lighting
Musical
Nautical
People
Porcelain
Pottery
Recreational
Scientific
Silver

Terminology
Textiles
Tools
Toys
Transportation
Weapons





Antiques Glossary
1537 Matthew-Tyndale Bible
1909 Honus Wagner Baseball Card
1933 Double Eagle Gold Piece
A. Giraud Limoges    (view marks)
Abingdon Pottery
Absinthe Glass
Acanthus
Adam, Robert
Adams & Company
Affleck, Thomas
Alexandrite Glass
Ambrosius Lamm
American Brilliant Cut Glass
Amorini
Amphora
Aniline Dye
Annagrun
Anthemion
Antique Biblical Harps
Antique Cast Iron Stoves
Antique Clocks
Antique Crystal Lamps
apostle spoons
Arcade Crystal Coffee Grinder
Armoire
Astragal
Automata
Bachelor's Chest
Bakelite jewelry
Balance Toys
banister back chair
Barclay Toy Soldiers
bed warmers
Belleek    (view marks)
Bennington Marbles
Biedermeier Furniture
Birmingham Dribblers
Bisque Dolls
black basalt ware
Blanc de Chine
Blue Onion China
Blue Willow Pottery
Boehm    (view marks)
bonheur du jour
Bow    (view marks)
Browning Firearms
Buffet Table
Bugatti Automobiles - Antique
Burmese Glass
Caddy Spoons
Cameo Glass
cameos
Campaign Furniture
Cane Sword
Capodimonte    (view marks)
Carl Schumann Porcelain    (view marks)
Carlton House Desk
Carnival glass - Rainbow glass – Iridescent glass
Carriage Clock
carte de visite
Caudle Cup
celadon
Cellaret
Celluloid Dolls
chamfer
Chelsea Porcelain
Chiffonier
Chifforobe
Chinese Calligraphy
Chippendale Furniture
Cider Press
Colt 1851 Navy Revolver
Colt Buntline Special Revolvers
Comic Books
Compass
Composition Dolls
Coney, John
Corkscrews



Coromandel
Cowan Pottery
Daguerreotype
Dart Boards
Darts
Davenport Desk
Dazey Butter Churn
Delftware
deltiology
Depression Glass
Dollhouse
Dollhouse doll
Donath and Company
Dore, Paul Gustave
Dresden    (view marks)
Dresden Porcelain
Electric Trains
embossed postcards
escutcheon
Faberge Eggs
Fairings
Favrile glass
Fawick Flyer
feathery golf ball
feldspathic glaze
Fenton Hobnail
Figural jewelry
Financial Planning Library
Figurines
finger joint
Ford Model T Automobiles
Fouquet, Georges
Frankenthal    (view marks)
Franziska Hirsch
French Bebe Dolls
Fulper Pottery
gadroon
Gateleg Table
Gillett's Illuminator / Condenser
Gillows
Grandfather Clocks
Grueby Pottery
Grueby Pottery
gutta percha golf balls
Harmonium
Harpsichord
Haviland China  (view marks)
Haviland Porcelain
Hawken Rifle
Hawkes Crystal
Helena Wolfsohn
hold-to-light postcards
hortensia glass
Huanghauli
Hummel Collectibles
Hupmobile Automobiles
Imari
inlay
intaglio
Inverted Jenny Postage Stamp
iridescent glass
ironstone china
jack plane
Japanese Tea Sets
Japanned Ware
Japanning
jardiniere
jasper dip
Jasperware
Jewel Casket
Kerosene Lamps
Kimono
Kirchhof Tin Noisemakers
KPM Porcelain Painting
Lalique
Lawn tennis kits
Leica Cameras
Lenox    (view marks)
Limoges Porcelain    (view marks)
Lincoln Cents
Linen Press


Lionel Trains
Lithophane Lamps
Lladro Porcelain
Lolling Chair
Longton Hall Porcelain
Madame Alexander Dolls
MahJong
Maiden's Cup
Mandolin
marrow spoon
matchstrikers
McCoy Pottery
Meat Grinder
Medici Porcelain
Meissen    (view marks)
Menorah
Mercury Glass
Mettlach Beer Steins
Millefiori Glass
miter joint
Moorcroft Pottery
mote spoons
Muller Freres Glass
Murano Glass
mystery clock
Nailsea Glass
Nazi Coins
Nephrite
Newcomb Pottery
New York Haviland
Niello
Nippon Dinnerware (view marks)
Nippon Porcelain
Noritake    (view marks)
Noritake Porcelain  (view marks)
Nymphenburg    (view marks)
Old Paris    (view marks)
Old Sheffield Plate
Opera Glasses
overglaze
Oyster Veneering
Pad Foot
Painted porcelain jewelry
Panel Construction
Panel Saw
Paperweight
Papier Mache Dolls
Papyrus
Parabolic Reflector
Parchment
Pastiglia
Pastille Burner
pate de verre
Patera
patina
Pembroke Table
penny banks
Phonographs - Antique
Phrenology Charts
Pill Box
Poole Pottery
Quatrefoil
Queen Anne style
Queen’s ware
Quezal art glass
rabbet
rattan
Red Wing Pottery
refinishing
repousse
reproductions
retro jewelry
Revere, Paul
Richard Klemm
Rococo
Rookwood Pottery
Rosenthal Porcelain    (view marks)

replica toys
Roseville pottery
Royal Copenhagen    (view marks)
Royal Crown Derby    (view marks)
Royal Doulton    (view marks)
R. S. Germany    (view marks)
R. S. Prussia    (view marks)
Ruby Glass
Salt Spoon
Salvador Ysart
Samurai Swords
sand toys
Sanskrit
Schumann,Carl    (view marks)
Seth Thomas Clocks
Sevres    (view marks)
Sextants
Sheet Steel Cars
Ship bell
Shirley Temple Dolls
Sideboard
Sitzendorf    (view marks)
Sitzendorf Porcelain
Sprimont, Nicholas
Spring Driven Windup Toys
Staffordshire    (view marks)
Staunton Chess Sets
Stutz Bearcat Automobiles
Tall Chest
Tantalus
Tapestry
Tassie, James
Tea Bowl
Tea Caddy
Teco Pottery
Tenon
The First English Bible
Theodore Haviland
Tin Ceilings
tin toys
Tinderbox
trade cards
trefoil
triffid foot
Trompe L'oeil
trumpet turning
Underglaze
Uneeda Biscuit
Unterweissbach    (view marks)
Vasoline Glass (Canary Glass)
veilleuse
Victorian Horn Chair
Vitruvian Man
Volkstedt    (view marks)
Von Schierholz    (view marks)
washboard
Water Organ
Waterford Crystal
Weather Vanes
Wedgwood China    (view marks)
Weller Pottery
Wenham prism
Winchester Firearms
Windup Toys
Witch Balls
Woodblock Printing
Wooden Toys
Wooton Patent Desk
Worcester Porcelain
Yatate
Zwischengoldglas
Etc.
Etc. Etc.
   
Antiques China Porcelain and Collectibles
Copyright 2003-2012, American Business Planning, LLC; all rights reserved.